CUSTOMARY  (OLD) WEIGHTS & MEASURES

Apples, Bushel lb 40 & up

Almonds, seron cwt 1.1/4 to 2s

      basket cwt 1.1/4 to 1.1/2

      Jordan, box lb 25

Anchovies, barrel lb 30

Beef (Irish), tierce of 38 pieces lb 304

Brandy, hogshead imp.gals 45 to 60

Puncheon imp. gals 100 to 110

    1/4 cask imp. gals 20 to 25

Bricks, load No. 500

Bullion, bar lb15 to 30

Butter, firkin lb 56

   tub lb 84

   barrel lb 224

Calico, piece yds 28

Carnphor, box about cwt 1

Candles, barrel lb 120

Cheese, stone lb 16

Cider, pipe imp. gals 100 to 118

Cinnamon, bale lb 92.1/2

Cloves a rnatt, lb 80; chest. lb 200

Coal, ton (10 sacks of 2 cwt) cwt20

Newcastle chaldron of 3 wains cwt 52.1/2

    estimated for boats at cwt 53

Cochineal ,seron lb 140

    bag lb 200. 70,000 insects to a lb

Coffee, tierce cwt 5 to 7

   barrel cwt 3 to 11

   bag cwt 11 to 11

Mocha, bale cwt 2 to 2.1/2

Cocoa bag, about cwt 1,

   cask, cwt 1.1/4

Cotton Wool (Virginia, Carolina, Georgia, West Indies)

   bale lb 300 to 310

    (New Orleans, Alabama) lb 400 to 500

   (East India) bale lb 320 o 360

   (Brazil), bale lb 196 to 250

   (Egyptian), bale lb 1 80 to 280

Currants, butt cwt 15 to 20

Figs, Faro, frail lb 32

Malaga lb 56

   barrel lb96 to 360

Fish, maze fish 615

   last.. fish 13,200

Fish, warp fish 4

   a long hundred fish 132

   a barrel of herrings. gals 32

    keg of sturgeon gals 4 to 5

Flour, peck or stone lb 14

   boll of 10 pecks or stones lb 140

   sack or 2 bolls lb 280

   barrel , lb 196

Ginger (Jamaica), bag, about . cwt 1

   (Barbados), bag, about cwt 1.1/4

   (East India), bag, about cwt 1

Glass seam of lb 120

Gum Arabic, E. I. chest cwt 6

Turkey, chest cwt 4

Gunpowder, barrel . cwt 1

   last 24 barrels or 2,400 lb

Hide;: dicker skins 10

   last dickers 20

Hock aum . gals 30

Honey, gallon lb 12

Hops, pocket 1 cwt 1.1/2 to 2

  bag nearly cwt 2.1/2

Indigo, E.I. about 3.1/2 maunds lb 260

   (Guatemala) seron . lb 250

Lead, tother, or fodder lb 2,400

Mace, case, about cwt 1.1/2

Molasses, puncheon cwt 10 to 12

Muslin, piece yds 10

Mustard, cask lb 9 to 18

Nutmegs, casks lb 200

Nuts (Barcelona) lb 126

   (Messina), bag cwt l.1/2 to 1.3/4

Oil, tun wine gals 252

   imp. gals 210

   ton lb 1,770

Olive, Oil, chest of 60 flasks imp. gals 125

   jar imp, gals 25

Opium (East India.),chest 2 maunds, or lb 149.1/3

   (Turkey).. lb 136

Pepper (black), Company's bag lb 316

   free trade bags lb 28, 56, 112

   (white), bag, about cwt 1.1/2

Pilchards, hogshead (about 3,000 fish) gals 40

Plums. 1/4box. about lb 20

Plums, carton lb 9

Pork (Irish), tierce, 80 pieces, or lb 320

Potashes, barrel lb 120

Potatoes, bag lb 112 and 168, bushels 4 & 5 

Quicksilver, bottle, about lb 84

Raisins, 

   Valencia, box, from about lb 30 to 40

   a drum, about lb 24

   a barrel cwt 1

   (Malaga), a cask cwt 1

   (Turkey), a cask cwt 2.1/2

   (Ma)aga), a box lb 22

Rice, (East India), bag about cwt 1.1/2

   (American), cask cwt 6

Resin, barrel, about cwt 2

Rum, puncheon gals 90 to 100

   hogshead gals 45 to 50

Soap;barrel lb 256

   firkin, lb 64

Soda, cask cwt 3 to 4

Steel, faggot lb 120

Stone of iron lb 14

   butcher's meat lb 8

   glass lb 5

   hemp lb 32

   cheese lb 16

Straw load 11 cwt 64 lb

   truss lb 36

Sugar (West India), hogshead cwt 13 to 16

   tierce cwt 7 to 9

   (Mauritius), mat or bag cwt 1 to 1.1/2

   (East India), bag cwt 1 to 1.3/4

Tallow, cask, about cwt 9

Tapioca, barrel, about cwt 1.1/4

Tar, barrel imp. gals 261

Tea, India, Ceylon, Pakistan, East Africa,Indonesia.:

   chest, 19 in x19 in x 24 in approx. lb 110

   half chest 18 in x 18 in x 20 in approx lb 100

Tiles, load tiles 1,000

Tobacco, hogshead cwt12 to 18

Train Oil, gallon lb 9

Turpentine, barrel cwt 2 to 2.1/2

Vermilion, bag lb 50

Whisky (Scotch), puncheon imp. gals 112 to 120

   hogshead imp. gals 55 to 60

Wool, pack lb 2,403

   tod lb 28

MEAT WEIGHT

8 pounds 1 stone

25 stone (beef) 1 barrel

28 stone (pork) 1 barrel

Irish Beef Irish Pork

8 pounds 1 piece 4 pounds = 1 piece

38 pieces 1 tierce 80 pieces = 1 tierce

 

FISH MEASURE SCOTCH LIQUID MEASURE

2 fish = 1 hand 4 gills = 1 mutchkin

37.1/2. imperial galls. = 1 cran 2 mutchkins = 1 choppin

13,200 fish = 1 last 2 choppins = 1 pint

 

COAL WEIGHT

14 Pounds 1 Stone.

28 1 Quarter Cwt.

56 1 Half Cwt.

1 Sack of 112 Pounds 1 Cwt.

1 Double Sack of 224 Pounds 2 Cwt.

20 Cwt or 10 Large Sacks 1 Ton.

21 Tons 4 Cwt 1 Barge or Keel.

20 Keels, or 424 Tons ' 1 Ship Load.

140 Cwt or 7 Tons 1 Room

25.1/2 Cwt 1 Chaldron.

By the Weights and Measures Act of 1889, all coal had to be sold by Avoirdupois Weight. A truck of coal weighs;on an average about 8 tons.

 

COKE MEASURE

3 Bushels = 1 Sack, 12 Sacks = 1 Chaldron.

 

TIMBER MEASURE

100 Superficial Feet of Planking = 1 Square.

120 Deals = 1 Hundred.

108 Cubic Feet . 1. = 1 Stack.

120 = 1 Cord.

50 Cubic Feet of Squared Timber, or }

40 , of Unhewn or 1 Load or Ton. } 1 Load or ton.

600 Square . of 1" Planking }

 

 

WOOL WEIGHT

7 Pounds 1 clove

14 lb or 2 cloves 1 stone

2 Stones, or 28 lb 1 tod

6 Tods 1 Wey

2 Weys 1 sack

12 Sacks 1 last

20 Pounds 1 score

12 Score, or 240 lb 1 pack

In different counties the stone of wool varies from 12 lb to 16 lb; but the statutory value is 14 lb. Wool is weighed by wool weight only.

 

BREAD AND FLOUR WEIGHTS

1 quartern of flour 3 lbs. 8 ozs. avoirdupois

1 quartern of bread 4 lbs. 5 ozs. 8.1/2. drs. avoirdupois

1 peck of flour 14 lbs. avoirdupois

1 peck of bread 17 lbs. 6 ozs. 2 drs. avoirdupois

1 bushel of flour 56 lbs. (4 pecks)

1 sack of flour 280 lbs. (5 bushels)

 

WHEATEN BREAD

lb oz drm

A Peck Loaf weighs 17 6 2

A Half-Peck Loaf 8 11 1

A Quartern Loaf 4 5 8.1/2

A Quartern (or Quarter-Peck) of Flour 3 8 0

A Peck or Stone of Flour 14 0 0

A Bushel of Flour 56 0 0

A Sack of Flour, or 5 Bushels 280 0 0

Under wartime regulation bread had to be sold in loaves of 1 lb 14 oz or 15 oz.

Bakers are forbidden by Statute to sell bread by the peck or quartern.

 

CHEESE AND BUTTER WEIGHT

8 Pounds make 1 Clove or Half Stone.

32 Cloves or 256 lb 1 Wey in Suffolk.

42 Cloves or 336 lb 1 Wey in Essex.

56 Pounds of Butter 1 Firkin.

84 1 Tub.

224 1 Barrel.

 

GLASS WEIGHT

5 Pounds make 1Stone.

120 Pounds or 24 Stones 1Seam.

 

HAY AND STRAW

36 Pounds make 1 Truss of Straw.

56 Pounds 1 Truss of Old Hay.

60 Pounds 1 Truss of New Hay.

36 Trusses 1 Load.

1 Load of New Hay 19 Cwt 32 lb.

1 Load of Old Hay 18 Cwt.

1 Load of Straw 11 Cwt 64 lb

1 Cubic Yard of New Hay 6 Stone or 84 lb.

1 Cubic Yard of Old Hay 8 Stone or 1 Cwt

 

 Home

Home Scottish Reformation The Covenanters Ulster Scots English Reformation European Reformation General Topics & Glossary My Books & Bibliography Contact