Religious Orders in Scotland ca 1560

On the eve of the Reformation the religious houses of Scotland were represented by :

Four houses of Benedictine monks - Coldingham, Dunfermline, Iona and Pluscarden.

Two houses of Cluniac monks - Crossraguel and Paisley.

Five houses of Tironensian monks - Arbroath, Kelso, Kilwinning, Lesmahagow, and Lindores.

Eleven houses of Cistercian monks - Balmerino, Beauly (originally Valliscaulian), Coupar, Angus, Culross, Deer, Dundrennan, Glenluce, Kinloss, Melrose, Newbattle, and Sweetheart or New Abbey.

One house of Valliscaulian monks at Ardchattan.

A Carthusian priory at Perth.

Seventeen houses of  Augustinian canons - Blantyre, Cambuskenneth, Canonbie, Holyroodhouse, Inchaffray, Inchcolm, Inchmahome, Jedburgh, Loch Leven or Portmoak, Monymusk, Oronsay, Pittenweem ( with May), Restenneth, St Andrews Isle or Trail, Scone,  and Strathfillan.

Six houses of Premonstratensian canons - Druburgh, Fearn, Holywood, Soulseat, Tongland, and Whithorn.

Four  Trinitarian houses - Aberdeen, Fail, Peebles, and Scotlandwell.

A preceptory of the Knights of St John of Jerusalem at Torphichen.

Seven Cistersian nunneries - Coldstream, Eccles, Elcho, Haddington, Manuel,  North Berwick, and St Bathans or Abbey St Bathans.

St Augustine nunnery at Iona.

A house of Dominican nuns  - Sciennes priory near Edinburgh.

Two Franciscan nunneries at Aberdour, and Dundee.

Thirteen Dominican friaries  - Aberdeen, Ayr, Dundee, Edinburgh, Elgin, Glasgow, Inverness, Montrose, Perth, St Andrews, St Monance, Stirling, and Wigtown.

Five Franciscan houses of Friars Minor,  Dumfries, Dundee, Haddington, Kirkcudbright , and Lanark.

Eight Observant Friaries - Aberdeen, Ayr, Edinburgh, Elgin, Glasgow, Perth, St Andrews, and Stirling.

Ten Carmelite  houses - Aberdeen, Banff, Edinburgh, Inverbervie, Irvine, Kingussie, Linlithgow, Luffness,  Queensferry, and Tullilum.

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